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Choosing the Right Quality of Badam

Choosing the Right Quality of Badam | 3 Different Grades of Badam

Badam [Read Badam in Hindi (बादाम ) ] is a great choice to add to your diet watching out for its nutritional benefits for health. Depending on the purpose whether you are adding for improving your diet or for taste in your recipe, you should choose the right grades of badam.

This article is to tell you about the different grades and help you identify which ones are right for your consumption.

Badam English Name

Badam English Meaning or Badam English Name is “Almonds“. The binomial name of Badam is Prunus dulcis.

Other related names of badam include:

Badam is known as Mandel or Knackmandel in German.
Badam is known as Mandorlo (Italian for the tree) and Mandorla (Italian for the fruit)
Badam is known as Amêndoa in Portuguese
Badam is known as Almendro in (Spanish for the tree) and Almendra in (Spanish for the fruit).

What is Badam?

Badam (बादाम ) is a part of a family of tree belonging to Iran and additionally surrounding nations yet frequently grown in other areas of the globe primarily in Mediterranean atmospheres between 28 ° in addition to 48 ° N and additionally in between 20 ° and also 40 ° S.

The binomial name as mentioned above of the badam is Prunus dulcis.
The fruit of the badam is a drupe, including an outside hull along with a thick skin in addition to the seed, which is not really thought about a real nut.

Badam[Read Badam in Hindi (बादाम ) ] is a deciduous tree that falls off at maturity. Badam tree usually has a height of 5–10 m (16–33 ft) with a trunk of up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter.

What is Badam Giri (बादाम गिरी)?

Badam Giri(बादाम गिरी) is the fruit procured from almonds or badam by eliminating or removing the shell which is usually thick.
Badam is sold in the market either inshell or without the shell.

Badam with the cover or shell that is usually hard is known as inshell almonds.
Badam without the shell, the actual fruit is known as Badam Giri (in English is known as almond kernels)

Badam Nutrition

Badam has an impressive nutrient profile. A 1-ounce (28-gram) serving of badam contains:

Calories: 164
Fiber: 3.5 grams
Protein: 6 grams
Fat: 14 grams (9 of which are monounsaturated)
Vitamin E: 37% of the RDI
Manganese: 32% of the RDI
Magnesium: 20% of the RDI

Badam also contains a decent amount of copper, vitamin B2 (riboflavin), and phosphorus.

Carbohydrates in Badam

Badam is a good resource of fiber as well as has a reduced glycemic index than numerous various other nuts,1 making them a great selection for people on low-carb diets.

Fats in Badam

Badam is a high-fat food, offering about 22% of the recommended day-to-day quantity of fat in a single ounce. However, a lot of the fat located in almonds is monounsaturated fat, which has cardio-protective buildings.

Protein in Badam

Badam is an excellent resource of vegan protein, containing percentages of all the crucial and non-essential amino acids.

Micronutrients in Badam

One ounce of Badam has 37% of the daily recommended intake of vitamin E, 8% of the everyday suggested amount of calcium, and 6% of the everyday suggested amount of iron. Vitamin E confers anti-oxidant properties and sustains immune function. Calcium is necessary for maintaining the structure of teeth as well as bones. Iron helps in the production of specific hormonal agents and also pushing oxygen to muscles.

Types of Badam or Badam Giri

Talking about varieties of Badam[Read Badam in Hindi (बादाम ) ], there are many grades available in the market. Grading of badam is done based on different factors, the geographical region being one of them.

Based on the use case, you can buy the one which is right for you.
In this article, we would broadly classify badam into three major categories:

1. California Badam
2. Gurbandi Badam
3. Mamra Badam

Gurbandi almonds, also known as ‘choti giri’, are imported from Afghanistan. A small portion of the total yield is bitter because of the high concentration of oils. The antioxidants-rich Gurbandi almonds are also rich in nutrients such as omega 3, vitamin E, and phytochemicals. This choti giri may be small in size but gives abundant energy.

American Almonds, also known as California Almonds are pasteurized with Toxic chemicals, as per “Codex Alimentarius”. It is NOT recommended to ingest the skin of these almonds, because they may contain some residual toxicity.

What is California Badam?

California is the only location in The United States where badam is cultivated commercially. There are 49 varieties of badam expanded in the United States. Four varieties compose 85% of all badam grown in the state. The four primary grades are Nonpareil, Carmel, Independence, and Sanora.

Let us talk about these, one by one.

Pareil and Nonpareil Badam – Non-pareil badam is the most popular commercial variety grown in California.  Nonpareil Badam is easily blanched (skin removed) and cut for processed forms.

This grade of badam has a thin outer shell and the Giri has smooth, light skin so they are very easy to pale. If you desire a good-looking smooth badam giri that is rather a flat fit, nonpareil is the kind to get.

Pareil Badam  – Pariel badam on the other hand is not so popular and not easily blanched, it also does not have smoother skin than nonpareil badam.

Independence BadamIndependence Badam was cultivated for the first time by Zaiger Genetics as well as has been available to growers since 2008. Typically, Badam needs cross-pollination in order to make sure successful harvests. Simply put, plant pollen from one selection requires to move to the blossom of an additional range in order for the flower to be fed and established as a nut.

This is why we have multiple varieties of varying pollen groups planted within almond orchards. The recently released variety ‘Independence Badam,’ nonetheless, is a self-cross-pollinating selection, indicating that pollen from an Independence tree can pollinate as well as feed a blossom from an additional Independence tree.

Independence Badam is the cheapest procurement available in the market due to less cost of production but when compared by the buyer’s choice, buyers love the traditional one that is the Nonpareil Badam.
The prices of Nonpareil Badam and Independence Badam are on the closer side mostly. That is why we chose these two categories for comparison. But talking about the price, Nonpareil Badam is costly as compared to Independence Badam.

Carmel Badam– Talking about the third grade, Carmel Badam grade was introduced in 1966 in Le Grand, California. A family member of the California type varieties, the Carmel has come to be popular enough to warrant its very own category.

A soft-shell selection, Carmel Badam is usually utilized for blanching and also roasting. Due to the fact that they are quickly processed, Carmel Badam types are often substituted for both Nonpareil and other grades.

This California-type badam has a variety of covering firmness, giri shapes, skin color, and surface features. Because of this, they are rather versatile and well fit for virtually any type of process or application

Below are some interesting truths regarding Carmel badam as pointed out by the Almond Board of California:

1. Reaped 25-30 days after Nonpareil Softshell;
2. They have great covering stability and reasonable suture opening.
3. Medium-sized, narrow shape; somewhat wrinkled surface.

Sonora Badam Sonora Badam is the most premium within the California Grade. Harvested 7–10 days after Nonpareil; a top variant as compared to Nonpareil and Carmel. It has a Paper shell; dark brown color; rough surface; high suture opening. The size is usually Large, long narrow in shape; light color; smooth surface. If you are choosing within California Badam, this is the recommended grade.

What is Gurbandi Badam ?

गुरबंदी बादाम (Gurbandi Badam)

Gurbandi Badam, additionally called ‘Choti Giri’, is imported from Afghanistan. A small portion of the overall yield is bitter due to the high content of oil. Their small size makes it perfectly packed nutrition-rich when compared to California Badam.
They are mainly used for snacking and can be consumed directly without soaking overnight.

Gurbandi Badam Benefits

Gurbandi Badam has more oil content than California Badam. This is the reason that Gurbandi Badam has anti-oxidant properties and is rich in essential nutrients such as omega 3, vitamin E, and phytochemicals.
As in the case of California Badam, it is recommended to consume after soaking overnight and after peeling off the skin as they are pasteurized with toxic chemicals. Gurbandi Badam, on the other hand, can be consumed directly. After Mamra Badam, Gurbandi Badam is the second top variant in the family of badam. The price of Gurbandi Badam is also high when compared to California ones due to limited supply and the cost of procurement is also high. The price of Gurbandi is sufficed when the nutritional profile of both California and Gurbandi are compared.

What is Mamra Badam ?

Mamra Badam

Mamra Badam is one of the most premium and wealthiest in nutrients among all ranges of badam. Mamra Badam is a well-off resource of minerals, healthy proteins, and also vitamins. It prevents coronary artery conditions and strokes by favoring a solid blood lipid profile. Mamra Almonds are usually identifiable due to their compact size as well as high dietary account and also contain extra oil material than any other almond type. They are usually known for their delectable preference that includes a delicious crunch to a variety of pleasant as well as full-flavored dishes.

Types/ Varieties of Mamra Badam

Mamra Badam Origin

Based on the geographical origin of procurement, Mamra Badam can be categorized into three categories:

1. Afghani Mamra Badam (From Afghanistan Origin)
2. Irani Mamra Badam (From Iran Origin)
3. Kashmiri Mamra Badam (From Kashmir Origin)

Afghani Mamra Badam– Talking about Afghani mamra badam, they are medium-sized when compared to mamra from other origins. The oil content maybe a little less when compared to from other origins but the taste of these mamra’s is good. Mamra Badam from Afghanistan is known for its crunchiness.

Irani Mamra Badam– Talking about Irani Mamra Badam, they are big in size, usually the length of the mamra. They are rich in oil content and have great taste too.

Talking about the affordability, the cost of Irani Mamra and Afghani Mamra will depend on the country one is located in.
If you are in India, one can buy Kashmiri Mamra than the other two grades because import duty increases the price of the badam. If you are in Afghanistan or Iran, it is recommended to buy the local origin Mamra. But if you are located anywhere outside these countries, you can choose anyone from all three grades.

Kashmiri Mamra Badam (From Kashmir Origin)– Talking about Kashmiri Mamra Badam, they are compact or small-sized, which really makes them a premium source of oil content. The taste is great too.
Due to less availability of modern machinery to this origin, most of the procurement is organic in nature. This also affects the supply size (limited supply) but the nutritional profile is greatly enhanced.
If you are located in India, Kashmiri Mamra Badam is subsidized access for your consumption. The scarcity of these grades makes them costly but since there won’t be any import duty on the Kashmiri Mamra Badam for Indian origin, these can be considered as a perfect choice to buy.

Afghani Mamra Badam
Irani Mamra Badam
Kashmiri Mamra badam

Comparison Table California Badam Vs Gurbandi Badam(Choti Giri) Vs Mamra Badam

Comparison FactorsCalifornia BadamGurbandi Badam(Choti Giri)Mamra Badam
OriginCalifornia, United StatesMiddle East, AfghanistanMiddle East, Afghanistan, Jammu & Kashmir, India
Production Percentage85%Less than 7-8%Less than 4%
Cultivation/ProcessingChemical ProcessingOrganic CultivationOrganic Cultivation
PasteurizationWith Toxic Chemicals Like Codex AlimentariusNoNo
TasteSweeterModerate, Little Bitter SometimesModerate, Little Bitter Sometimes
CostLess CostlyCostlyCostly
Consumption Methods RecommendationsAfter Soaking Overnight And After Peeling Off SkinCan be snacked directly or using the soaking methodCan be snacked directly or using the soaking method
California Badam Vs Gurbandi Badam(Choti Giri) Vs Mamra Badam

Badam Health Benefits

Best Variety of Badam

California Badam is pasteurized with Toxic chemicals, as per “Codex Alimentarius”. It is not recommended to ingest the skin of these almonds, because they may contain some residual toxicity. Therefore, California badam can be considered as a base variant and also cheap.
After California badam, if you are willing to upgrade by compromising the taste but looking for the nutritional benefits, Gurbandi Badam can be considered as a choice too.
The best and the most premium ones are the mamra badam. They are top of the family of badam. Though they are expensive but if you are planning to add badam to your diet, watching out for its nutritional benefits. You must go for mamra. The high cost is also due to its limited supply.

FAQs asked by our consumers and readers

Kagzi Badam vs Mamra Badam – Which one is better?

When talking about the nutritional value of kagzi badam, it depends on how is it processed. If the kagzi badam is a processed one i.e., treated with sulphuric acid in order to decrease the thickness of the badam shell then it may have very less nutritional value. This is an artificial way of creating badam into kagzi badam. Naturally occurring kagzi badam may not have very thin shell i.e., it’s shell may not be easily broken. But comparatively, it has more nutritional value as compared to the one that is artificially processed.
Now coming to the point of whether kagzi badam is better or the mamra badam, it is believed that mamra has more nutritional value due to the fact, it is the shell that is responsible for preserving the nutritional value of the fruit. Therefore, mamra badam has more nutritional value when compared to kagzi badam.
Coming to the conclusion, kagzi badam is only preferred over mamra badam when you are looking for greater shelf life. As mamra badam is generally bought without a shell. Hence if you are a daily consumer, go for mamra badam.

Mamra vs Gurbandi badam – Which one is better?

Mamra badam is definitely the top grade within the almonds family. Anyday mamra is superior to gurbandi badam. Gurbandi badam is generally more bitter than mamra badam comparatively. Therefore, it is recommended for people with diabetes to consume gurbandi badam as it offers great nutritional value and support to individuals who are diabetic.
For any normal person, mamra badam would be far better than gurbandi badam if one does not need to watch out for the cost. As mamra badam is way expensive than gurbandi badam.

Mamra badam origin?

It is actually based on the geographical origin of procurement, Mamra Badam is categorized.
Three known origins of mamra badam are

1. Afghani Mamra Badam which is of Afghanistan Origin.
2. Irani Mamra Badam which is of Iran Origin.
3. Kashmiri Mamra Badam which is of Kashmir Origin.

Mamra badam benefits

Mamra Badam, an exquisite and highly nutritious variety of almonds, hails from the Middle East and Central Asia. A favorite among health enthusiasts, Mamra Badam is considered the king of almonds due to its numerous health benefits and superior taste.
In this article, we’ll dive deep into the nutritional profile of Mamra Badam, uncovering its incredible advantages for your health and well-being.

Exceptional Nutritional Profile

Mamra Badam is known for its impressive nutritional content. It is packed with essential vitamins, minerals, and healthy fats, making it an ideal choice for health-conscious individuals. Some of the key nutrients found in Mamra Badam include:

Vitamin E: A powerful antioxidant that protects cells from damage and supports healthy skin and hair.

Magnesium: Vital for muscle and nerve function, as well as maintaining a healthy immune system.

Potassium: An essential mineral for maintaining proper fluid balance and blood pressure.

Protein: Crucial for building and repairing body tissues, as well as supporting immune function.

Healthy Fats: Contain monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats that promote heart health and help control cholesterol levels.

Aids in Heart Health

The healthy fats found in Mamra Badam make it a heart-friendly snack. Rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, these almonds can help lower bad cholesterol (LDL) levels and increase good cholesterol (HDL) levels. Additionally, the presence of magnesium and potassium aids in regulating blood pressure, reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Boosts Brain Function

Mamra Badam is often referred to as a brain food due to its richness in nutrients like riboflavin, L-carnitine, and phenylalanine, which are essential for brain development and function. Consuming Mamra almonds regularly can improve memory and cognitive abilities, as well as prevent age-related cognitive decline.

Supports Healthy Skin and Hair

The high levels of vitamin E in Mamra Badam are beneficial for maintaining healthy skin and hair. Vitamin E acts as a potent antioxidant that protects skin cells from damage caused by free radicals and UV radiation. Regular consumption of Mamra almonds can contribute to glowing skin, reduced inflammation, and improved hair health.

Promotes Weight Loss and Management

Mamra Badam can be an excellent addition to a weight loss diet. Its high fiber content helps you feel fuller for longer, reducing hunger pangs and cravings. Moreover, the healthy fats and protein in these almonds can boost metabolism and help burn calories more efficiently.

Balances Blood Sugar Levels

Consuming Mamra Badam can help regulate blood sugar levels due to its low glycemic index and high fiber content. These almonds can slow down the absorption of sugar and carbohydrates, preventing spikes in blood sugar levels. This makes Mamra Badam an ideal snack for those with diabetes or those looking to prevent it.

Strengthens Bones and Teeth

Mamra Badam is a good source of calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium, all of which are essential for strong bones and teeth. Regular consumption of these almonds can help prevent bone-related issues like osteoporosis and maintain overall bone health.

Enhances Digestive Health

The high fiber content in Mamra Badam promotes a healthy digestive system. Fiber adds bulk to stools and aids in smooth bowel movements, preventing constipation and other digestive issues. Moreover, consuming almonds can support the growth of beneficial gut bacteria, contributing to a healthy gut microbiome.

Boosts Immune Function

Mamra almonds are packed with nutrients like vitamins E and B, magnesium, and protein, which can help strengthen the immune system. These nutrients play a crucial role in supporting the body’s defense mechanisms against infections, diseases, and inflammation. Consuming Mamra Badam regularly can help bolster your immunity and keep you healthy.

Possesses Antioxidant Properties

Almonds, particularly Mamra Badam, are rich in antioxidants like vitamin E and flavonoids. Antioxidants help neutralize harmful free radicals that can cause oxidative stress, which contributes to chronic diseases and aging. By incorporating Mamra almonds into your diet, you can boost your body’s antioxidant defenses and protect against oxidative damage.

Supports Eye Health

Mamra Badam contains essential nutrients like vitamin E, riboflavin, and antioxidants that can help maintain good eye health. These nutrients protect the eyes from oxidative stress, reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration, and promote overall eye health.

Fights Inflammation

Inflammation is the body’s natural response to infections or injuries, but chronic inflammation can lead to various health issues. Mamra Badam is rich in anti-inflammatory compounds like omega-3 fatty acids, which can help reduce inflammation and alleviate symptoms associated with inflammatory conditions like arthritis and asthma.

Improves Athletic Performance

The nutrients found in Mamra Badam, such as protein, magnesium, and healthy fats, can contribute to better athletic performance. These almonds can provide a quick source of energy and help build and repair muscle tissue. Consuming Mamra almonds as a pre- or post-workout snack can support endurance, strength, and recovery.


Mamra Badam is a powerhouse of nutrition and health benefits. With its rich array of vitamins, minerals, and healthy fats, it’s no wonder these almonds are considered the king of almonds. Incorporating Mamra Badam into your daily diet can support heart health, cognitive function, weight loss, and much more. Make the most of these nutritious almonds by enjoying them as a snack, adding them to your favorite dishes, or incorporating them into your smoothies and baked goods. The possibilities are endless, and the health benefits are bountiful. So go ahead and enjoy the incredible advantages Mamra Badam has to offer!

Are almond skins bad for you?

Almond skins are not bad for you and are actually very beneficial for your health. The skin of almonds is rich in antioxidants, fiber, and other important nutrients, such as vitamin E and magnesium. Eating almonds with the skin on may also help reduce the glycemic index of the nut, which means it can help regulate blood sugar levels.
Additionally, almond skins may help reduce the risk of certain diseases. Studies have shown that consuming almonds with their skins may lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of developing heart disease. Almond skins have also been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cancer.
While almond skins are generally safe to eat, some people may be allergic to them. If you experience any adverse reactions after consuming almonds, including itchiness or swelling in your mouth, tongue, or throat, hives, or difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Please note: The quality and safety of almond skins depend on the grade of the almonds. Lower-grade almonds may be treated with chemicals or pesticides that can be harmful to human health, whereas premium-grade almonds are typically grown using organic farming methods that avoid the use of chemicals and pesticides.
When purchasing almonds, it is important to choose high-quality, premium-grade almonds that are certified organic. These almonds are grown without the use of harmful chemicals and are generally considered safe to consume with their skins on.
It is important to note that almonds, like any other food product, should be consumed in moderation as part of a balanced diet. If you have any concerns or questions about the safety of almond skins, it is recommended that you consult with a healthcare professional.

What is Kagzi Badam?

Kagzi badam is a variety of almonds that is known for its thin, paper-like shell. These almonds are mostly grown in the Kashmir region of India and are considered to be of high quality. In terms of nutrition, kagzi badam is similar to other varieties of almonds and is a good source of protein, fiber, healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals. However, the exact nutritional value of kagzi badam may vary depending on factors such as the growing conditions and processing methods used.


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