Badam [Read Badam in Hindi (बादाम ) ] is a great choice to add to your diet watching out for its nutritional benefits for health. Depending on the purpose whether you are adding for improving your diet or for taste in your recipe, you should choose your right grades of badam.
This article is to tell you about the different grades and help you identify which ones are right for your consumption.
- 0.1 Badam English Name
- 0.2 What is Badam?
- 0.3 What is Badam Giri (बादाम गिरी)?
- 0.4 Badam Nutrition
- 0.5 Varieties of Badam
- 0.6 What is California Badam?
- 0.7 What is Gurbandi Badam ?
- 0.8 Gurbandi Badam Benefits
- 0.9 What is Mamra Badam ?
- 0.10 Types/ Varieties of Mamra Badam
- 1 Comparison Table California Badam Vs Gurbandi Badam(Choti Giri) Vs Mamra Badam
Badam English Name
Badam English Meaning or Badam English Name is “Almonds“. The binomial name of Badam is Prunus dulcis.
Other related names of badam include:
Badam is known as Mandel or Knackmandel in German.
Badam is known as Mandorlo (Italian for the tree) and Mandorla (Italian for the fruit)
Badam is known as Amêndoa in Portuguese
Badam is known as Almendro in (Spanish for the tree) and Almendra in (Spanish for the fruit).
What is Badam?
Badam (बादाम ) is a part of a family of tree belonging to Iran and additionally surrounding nations yet frequently grown in other areas of the globe primarily in Mediterranean atmospheres between 28 ° in addition to 48 ° N and additionally in between 20 ° and also 40 ° S.
The binomial name as mentioned above of the badam is Prunus dulcis.
The fruit of the badam is a drupe, including an outside hull along with a thick skin in addition to the seed, which is not really thought about a real nut.
Badam[Read Badam in Hindi (बादाम ) ] is a deciduous tree that falls off at maturity. Badam tree usually has a height of 5–10 m (16–33 ft) with a trunk of up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter.
What is Badam Giri (बादाम गिरी)?
Badam Giri(बादाम गिरी) is the fruit procured from almonds or badam by eliminating or removing the shell which is usually thick.
Badam is sold in the market either inshell or without the shell.
Badam with the cover or shell that is usually hard is known as inshell almonds.
Badam without the shell, the actual fruit is known as Badam Giri (in English is known as almond kernels)
Badam has an impressive nutrient profile. A 1-ounce (28-gram) serving of badam contains:
Fiber: 3.5 grams
Protein: 6 grams
Fat: 14 grams (9 of which are monounsaturated)
Vitamin E: 37% of the RDI
Manganese: 32% of the RDI
Magnesium: 20% of the RDI
Badam also contains a decent amount of copper, vitamin B2 (riboflavin), and phosphorus.
Carbohydrates in Badam
Badam is a good resource of fiber as well as has a reduced glycemic index than numerous various other nuts,1 making them a great selection for people on low-carb diets.
Fats in Badam
Badam is a high-fat food, offering about 22% of the recommended day-to-day quantity of fat in a single ounce. However, a lot of the fat located in almonds is monounsaturated fat, which has cardio-protective buildings.
Protein in Badam
Badam is an excellent resource of vegan protein, containing percentages of all the crucial and non-essential amino acids.
Micronutrients in Badam
One ounce of Badam has 37% of the daily recommended intake of vitamin E, 8% of the everyday suggested amount of calcium, and 6% of the everyday suggested amount of iron. Vitamin E confers anti-oxidant properties and sustains immune function. Calcium is necessary for maintaining the structure of teeth as well as bones. Iron helps in the production of specific hormonal agents and also pushing oxygen to muscles.
Varieties of Badam
Talking about varieties of Badam[Read Badam in Hindi (बादाम ) ], there are many grades available in the market. Grading of badam is done based on different factors, the geographical region being one of them.
Based on the use case, you can buy the one which is right for you.
In this article, we would broadly classify badam into three major categories:
1. California Badam
2. Gurbandi Badam
3. Mamra Badam
Gurbandi almonds, also known as ‘choti giri’, are imported from Afghanistan. A small portion of the total yield is bitter because of the high concentration of oils. The antioxidants-rich Gurbandi almonds are also rich in nutrients such as omega 3, vitamin E, and phytochemicals. This choti giri may be small in size but gives abundant energy.
American Almonds, also known as California Almonds are pasteurized with Toxic chemicals, as per “Codex Alimentarius”. It is NOT recommended to ingest the skin of these almonds, because they may contain some residual toxicity.
What is California Badam?
California is the only location in The United States where badam is cultivated commercially. There are 49 varieties of badam expanded in the United States. Four varieties compose 85% of all badam grown in the state. The four primary grades are Nonpareil, Carmel, Independence, and Sanora.
Let us talk about these, one by one.
Pareil and Nonpareil Badam – Non-pareil badam is the most popular commercial variety grown in California. Nonpareil Badam is easily blanched (skin removed) and cut for processed forms.
This grade of badam has a thin outer shell and the Giri has smooth, light skin so they are very easy to pale. If you desire a good-looking smooth badam giri that is rather a flat fit, nonpareil is the kind to get.
Pareil Badam – Pariel badam on the other hand is not so popular and not easily blanched, it also does not have smoother skin than nonpareil badam.
Independence Badam– Independence Badam was cultivated for the first time by Zaiger Genetics as well as has been available to growers since 2008. Typically, Badam needs cross-pollination in order to make sure successful harvests. Simply put, plant pollen from one selection requires to move to the blossom of an additional range in order for the flower to be fed and established as a nut.
This is why we have multiple varieties of varying pollen groups planted within almond orchards. The recently released variety ‘Independence Badam,’ nonetheless, is a self-cross-pollinating selection, indicating that pollen from an Independence tree can pollinate as well as feed a blossom from an additional Independence tree.
Independence Badam is the cheapest procurement available in the market due to less cost of production but when compared by the buyer’s choice, buyers love the traditional one that is the Nonpareil Badam.
The prices of Nonpareil Badam and Independence Badam are on the closer side mostly. That is why we chose these two categories for comparison. But talking about the price, Nonpareil Badam is costly as compared to Independence Badam.
Carmel Badam– Talking about the third grade, Carmel Badam grade was introduced in 1966 in Le Grand, California. A family member of the California type varieties, the Carmel has come to be popular enough to warrant its very own category.
A soft-shell selection, Carmel Badam is usually utilized for blanching and also roasting. Due to the fact that they are quickly processed, Carmel Badam types are often substituted for both Nonpareil and other grades.
This California-type badam has a variety of covering firmness, giri shapes, skin color, and surface features. Because of this, they are rather versatile and well fit for virtually any type of process or application
Below are some interesting truths regarding Carmel badam as pointed out by the Almond Board of California:
1. Reaped 25-30 days after Nonpareil Softshell;
2. They have great covering stability and reasonable suture opening.
3. Medium-sized, narrow shape; somewhat wrinkled surface.
Sonora Badam– Sonora Badam is the most premium within the California Grade. Harvested 7–10 days after Nonpareil; a top variant as compared to Nonpareil and Carmel. It has a Paper shell; dark brown color; rough surface; high suture opening. The size is usually Large, long narrow in shape; light color; smooth surface. If you are choosing within California Badam, this is the recommended grade.
What is Gurbandi Badam ?
Gurbandi Badam, additionally called ‘Choti Giri’, is imported from Afghanistan. A small portion of the overall yield is bitter due to the high content of oil. Their small size makes it perfectly packed nutrition-rich when compared to California Badam.
They are mainly used for snacking and can be consumed directly without soaking overnight.
Gurbandi Badam Benefits
Gurbandi Badam has more oil content than California Badam. This is the reason that Gurbandi Badam has anti-oxidant properties and is rich in essential nutrients such as omega 3, vitamin E, and phytochemicals.
As in the case of California Badam, it is recommended to consume after soaking overnight and after peeling off the skin as they are pasteurized with toxic chemicals. Gurbandi Badam, on the other hand, can be consumed directly. After Mamra Badam, Gurbandi Badam is the second top variant in the family of badam. The price of Gurbandi Badam is also high when compared to California ones due to limited supply and the cost of procurement is also high. The price of Gurbandi is sufficed when the nutritional profile of both California and Gurbandi are compared.
What is Mamra Badam ?
Mamra Badam are one of the most premium and wealthiest in nutrients among all ranges of badam. Mamra Badam are a well-off resource of minerals, healthy proteins and also vitamins. It prevents coronary artery condition and strokes by favouring a solid blood lipid profile. Mamra Almonds are usually identifiable due to their compact size as well as high dietary account and also contains extra oil material than any other almonds type. They are usually known for their delectable preference that includes a delicious crunch to a variety of pleasant as well as full-flavored dishes.
Types/ Varieties of Mamra Badam
Based on the geographical origin of procurement, Mamra Badam can be categorized into three categories:
1. Afghani Mamra Badam (From Afghanistan Origin)
2. Irani Mamra Badam (From Iran Origin)
3. Kashmiri Mamra Badam (From Kashmir Origin)
Afghani Mamra Badam– Talking about Afghani mamra badam, they are medium-sized when compared to mamra from other origins. The oil content maybe a little less when compared to from other origins but the taste of these mamra’s is good. Mamra Badam from Afghanistan is known for its crunchiness.
Irani Mamra Badam– Talking about Irani Mamra Badam, they are big in size, usually the length of the mamra. They are rich in oil content and have great taste too.
Talking about the affordability, the cost of Irani Mamra and Afghani Mamra will depend on the country one is located in.
If you are in India, one can buy Kashmiri Mamra than the other two grades because import duty increases the price of the badam. If you are in Afghanistan or Iran, it is recommended to buy the local origin Mamra. But if you are located anywhere outside these countries, you can choose anyone from all three grades.
Kashmiri Mamra Badam (From Kashmir Origin)– Talking about Kashmiri Mamra Badam, they are compact or small-sized, which really makes them a premium source of oil content. The taste is great too.
Due to less availability of modern machinery to this origin, most of the procurement is organic in nature. This also affects the supply size (limited supply) but the nutritional profile is greatly enhanced.
If you are located in India, Kashmiri Mamra Badam is subsidized access for your consumption. The scarcity of these grades makes them costly but since there won’t be any import duty on the Kashmiri Mamra Badam for Indian origin, these can be considered as a perfect choice to buy.
Comparison Table California Badam Vs Gurbandi Badam(Choti Giri) Vs Mamra Badam
|Comparison Factors||California Badam||Gurbandi Badam(Choti Giri)||Mamra Badam|
|Origin||California, United States||Middle East, Afghanistan||Middle East, Afghanistan, Jammu & Kashmir, India|
|Production Percentage||85%||Less than 7-8%||Less than 4%|
|Cultivation/Processing||Chemical Processing||Organic Cultivation||Organic Cultivation|
|Pasteurization||With Toxic Chemicals Like Codex Alimentarius||No||No|
|Taste||Sweeter||Moderate, Little Bitter Sometimes||Moderate, Little Bitter Sometimes|
|Consumption Methods Recommendations||After Soaking Overnight And After Peeling Off Skin||Can be snacked directly or using the soaking method||Can be snacked directly or using the soaking method|
Badam Health Benefits
Best Variety of Badam
California Badam is pasteurized with Toxic chemicals, as per “Codex Alimentarius”. It is not recommended to ingest the skin of these almonds, because they may contain some residual toxicity. Therefore, California badam can be considered as a base variant and also cheap.
After California badam, if you are willing to upgrade by compromising the taste but looking for the nutritional benefits, Gurbandi Badam can be considered as a choice too.
The best and the most premium ones are the mamra badam. They are top of the family of badam. Though they are expensive but if you are planning to add badam to your diet, watching out for its nutritional benefits. You must go for mamra. The high cost is also due to its limited supply.